Math education is an important component of the school curriculum for 5th graders. It builds the foundation of elementary math skills and prepares 5th graders to enter middle school with confidence and competence. Elementary school students are usually prone to solving simple math problems, but as they transit into 5th grade, they collapse, particularly in math, because they are not usually familiar with some of the advanced concepts they learn in their classroom. Fifth graders usually find fraction problems and word problems more difficult than other mathematical concepts, as these concepts are difficult to comprehend unless elaborated by a good math tutor.

## What Does It Take to Develop 5th Graders’ Interest in Math?

For 5th graders, learning more complex math concepts in the next grade can become increasingly difficult if they fail to have a solid understanding of math fundamentals. Interestingly, there is a connection between the math proficiency of students and their lack of confidence. Students perform best in math when they pay attention in class, ask for help, and believe they can succeed; these golden rules apply to students of all grades, let alone 5th graders.

### What Type of Math Skills Should a 5th Grader Learn?

Here’s what a 5th grader should be able to do when it comes to learning mathematics:

• Round numbers ranging from ten to a hundred thousand.
• Solve various problems with the aid of different formulas.
• Know different techniques to solve arithmetic problems.

## Math Topics for 5th Graders

The Ontario’s Elementary Math Curriculum for 5th graders incorporates some concepts that are new to them. From learning number facts and patterns, coding, data handling, measurement, geometry to financial management and budgeting, 5th graders learn many mathematical concepts without the aid of a calculator.

### Ontario’s Elementary Math Curriculum for 5th Graders

#### Number Facts

Understanding of number facts (such as multiplication tables) to enhance problem-solving and mental math skills

Knowledge of numbers and operations to solve mathematical problems

Working with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and integers

#### Algebra

Understanding algebraic expressions, equations, and inequalities

Mathematical modeling

Coding skills to improve problem-solving and develop fluency with technology

#### Data

Collection, organization, display, and analysis of data

Probability and statistical predictions

Infographics

#### Spatial Sense (Geometry and Measurement)

Establishing connections between measurement and geometry

Representation of shape, location, and movement by applying geometric properties and spatial relationships

Comparison, estimation, and determination of measurements through different tools and measurement units

#### Financial Literacy

Understanding the value and use of money to make informed financial decisions

Financial management

Budgeting

## How You Can Help a 5th Grader with Math

A 5th grader can become a successful math student with consistency and a positive learning attitude, regardless of their natural affinity to learn math.

### 1. Expose them to real-world math problems

You can help a 5th grader in math by involving them in daily activities that allow them to solve real-world math problems. Let your 5th grader execute different math activities on the front line. Taking them to grocery shopping will make them calculate different prices and measurements. Similarly, letting your 5th graders assist you while cooking or baking will enable them to practice fractions. Such activities will instill an urge in them to solve math problems and encourage them to learn math like never before.

### 2. Build confidence

It goes without saying that lack of confidence prevents students from succeeding in mathematics. You can help your 5th grader to be confident in learning math. As a parent or guardian, you must encourage them to carry on with learning math even when they make mistakes frequently. Let them make mistakes and be patient with them because it takes time to develop math skills.

### 3. Instill curiosity through math games and stories

Tell your 5th graders stories with a mathematical context. If the students are more interested in games rather than storytelling, you can play games that encourage them to think critically and engage them in solving math puzzles. A grade 5 math teacher from Ontario, Emma Finlayson, used the popular ‘Among Us’ game to teach math virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic, and it worked wonders for her students.

### 5. Seek professional help

A teacher can make students fall in love with the subject or ignite their hatred toward it. An efficient math teacher can nurture an aptitude for math in young minds by giving them motivation and self-assurance. If, for some reason, you cannot help your child in math, then seek help from a professional math teaching service.

You must have noticed by now that for 5th graders, learning math is a bit arduous, and if you expect 5th graders to do this all on their own, unfortunately, you are mistaken. MathProject is an after-school math program that has won multiple awards. MathProject offers a customized math foundational program for 5th graders that strengthens students’ math foundation and helps them excel in math. Call now to book a free assessment.

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Citations

The Difficulties of Fifth Grade Students in Solving Mathematic Fractions Word Problems – https://www.researchgate.net/
Ontario Curriculum Mathematics, Grade 5 – https://www.dcp.edu.gov.on.ca/
Grade 5 teacher uses Among Us game to teach math virtually during COVID-19 pandemic – https://www.cbc.ca/