Math education is an important component of the school curriculum for 5^{th} graders. It builds the foundation of elementary math skills and prepares 5^{th} graders to enter middle school with confidence and competence. Elementary school students are usually prone to solving simple math problems, but as they transit into 5^{th} grade, they collapse, particularly in math, because they are not usually familiar with some of the advanced concepts they learn in their classroom. Fifth graders usually find fraction problems and word problems more difficult than other mathematical concepts, as these concepts are difficult to comprehend unless elaborated by a good math tutor.
What Does It Take to Develop 5^{th} Graders’ Interest in Math?
For 5^{th} graders, learning more complex math concepts in the next grade can become increasingly difficult if they fail to have a solid understanding of math fundamentals. Interestingly, there is a connection between the math proficiency of students and their lack of confidence. Students perform best in math when they pay attention in class, ask for help, and believe they can succeed; these golden rules apply to students of all grades, let alone 5^{th} graders.
What Type of Math Skills Should a 5^{th} Grader Learn?
Here’s what a 5^{th} grader should be able to do when it comes to learning mathematics:
 Round numbers ranging from ten to a hundred thousand.
 Solve various problems with the aid of different formulas.
 Know different techniques to solve arithmetic problems.
Math Topics for 5^{th} Graders
The Ontario’s Elementary Math Curriculum for 5^{th} graders incorporates some concepts that are new to them. From learning number facts and patterns, coding, data handling, measurement, geometry to financial management and budgeting, 5^{th} graders learn many mathematical concepts without the aid of a calculator.
Ontario’s Elementary Math Curriculum for 5^{th} Graders 

Topics 
Details 
Number Facts 
Understanding of number facts (such as multiplication tables) to enhance problemsolving and mental math skills
Knowledge of numbers and operations to solve mathematical problems Working with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and integers 
Algebra 
Understanding algebraic expressions, equations, and inequalities
Mathematical modeling Coding skills to improve problemsolving and develop fluency with technology 
Data 
Collection, organization, display, and analysis of data
Probability and statistical predictions Infographics 
Spatial Sense (Geometry and Measurement) 
Establishing connections between measurement and geometry
Representation of shape, location, and movement by applying geometric properties and spatial relationships Comparison, estimation, and determination of measurements through different tools and measurement units 
Financial Literacy 
Understanding the value and use of money to make informed financial decisions
Financial management Budgeting 
How You Can Help a 5^{th} Grader with Math
A 5^{th} grader can become a successful math student with consistency and a positive learning attitude, regardless of their natural affinity to learn math.
1. Expose them to realworld math problems
You can help a 5^{th} grader in math by involving them in daily activities that allow them to solve realworld math problems. Let your 5^{th} grader execute different math activities on the front line. Taking them to grocery shopping will make them calculate different prices and measurements. Similarly, letting your 5^{th} graders assist you while cooking or baking will enable them to practice fractions. Such activities will instill an urge in them to solve math problems and encourage them to learn math like never before.
2. Build confidence
It goes without saying that lack of confidence prevents students from succeeding in mathematics. You can help your 5^{th} grader to be confident in learning math. As a parent or guardian, you must encourage them to carry on with learning math even when they make mistakes frequently. Let them make mistakes and be patient with them because it takes time to develop math skills.
3. Instill curiosity through math games and stories
Tell your 5^{th} graders stories with a mathematical context. If the students are more interested in games rather than storytelling, you can play games that encourage them to think critically and engage them in solving math puzzles. A grade 5 math teacher from Ontario, Emma Finlayson, used the popular ‘Among Us’ game to teach math virtually during the COVID19 pandemic, and it worked wonders for her students.
4. Emphasize conceptual learning of math
Let your 5^{th} grader work hard to understand math concepts instead of simply memorizing formulas.
5. Seek professional help
A teacher can make students fall in love with the subject or ignite their hatred toward it. An efficient math teacher can nurture an aptitude for math in young minds by giving them motivation and selfassurance. If, for some reason, you cannot help your child in math, then seek help from a professional math teaching service.
You must have noticed by now that for 5^{th} graders, learning math is a bit arduous, and if you expect 5^{th} graders to do this all on their own, unfortunately, you are mistaken. Math Project is an afterschool math program that has won multiple awards. Math Project offers a customized math foundational program for 5^{th} graders that strengthens students’ math foundation and helps them excel in math. Call now to book a free assessment.
Citations
The Difficulties of Fifth Grade Students in Solving Mathematic Fractions Word Problems – https://www.researchgate.net/
Ontario Curriculum Mathematics, Grade 5 – https://www.dcp.edu.gov.on.ca/
Grade 5 teacher uses Among Us game to teach math virtually during COVID19 pandemic – https://www.cbc.ca/